A healthy balanced diet is nothing but the nutrients rich food. To get all the nutrients from the food one needs to take a variety of food everyday. There are different nutrients essential to generate plenty of energy in the body and immunity against infections and illness.
There are different nutrients classified under two categories, the Macronutrients and Micronutrients. The Macronutrients are those are those that body requires in large amount whereas the Micronutrients are requires in less amount. The former includes carbohydrates, fats proteins and water, while the latter is available in iron, iodine, zinc vitamin A, B-group Vitamins, Folate and Vitamin C.
All the nutrients have their own significance and functions in the body. The carbohydrates present in starch, sugar and dietary fibers helps in growth. The fats include different types like unsaturated fatty acids, saturated fatty acids, Trans fatty acids and cholesterol.
Even a single nutrient deficiency can lead to health related problems. Therefore it is very essential to get all the nutrients in required amount.